Vermiculite For Filtration Media and Effluent Treatments

Purification of industrial and domestic sewage, spills of petroleum products, organic and toxic liquids

Adsorbent vermiculite appointed for filtration of effluent treatment Power Plants and enterprises (industries with domestic), as well as elimination oil spills, organic and toxic liquids from the solid surface and surface waters.

Adsorbent vermiculite has a high sorption properties for a number of organic impurities. He, like charcoal, acquires hydrophobicity, which allows to use it, in particular, for water purification.

The chemical composition of the adsorbent vermiculite
Chemical composition SiO2 AL2O3 MgO CaO K2O Fe2O3 pH(H2O) Other
The percentage of 34-36 6-18 14-25 1,2-2 3-5 5,6-17 6,8-8 0,2-1,2
Physical properties of the adsorbent vermiculite
Color Yellow, golden or silver
Shape Scaly
Average density 65-150 kg/m3
Humidity 3-5%
pH(water) 6,8-7,0
Flammability Not combustible
Melting point: 1350 °C
Water intake Up to 450% by weight

Note : The average density and water absorption vary with the size fraction.

Duration of biosorberov Place selection pH CПAB BПK 02/l,mg Suspension mg/l Nitrogen, mg/l Phosphate, mg/l
Ammonium Nitrites Nitrate
1 day Login 7,82 0,3 0,96 81,5 90 18,49 2 167 1,06
Output 7,97 0,1 0,28 40 37 17,1 72 1,18 0,89
10 days Login 7,49 0,31 0,87 78,3 96 18,4 14 165 1,79
Output 6,94 0,09 1,48 19,2 12,6 5,36 0,0008 10,85 0,32
30 days Login 7,44 0,29 0,91 84,1 89,0 17,9 15 169 1,79
Output 7,2 0,09 0,12 16,3 6,4 2,8 0,0001 3,4 0,12
Without biosorbent Login 7,2 0,63 0,30 81,5 90 18,49 2 167 1,06
Output 8,0 0,5 0,29 40 57,6 17,06 0,0072 1,18 0,89

Note : The measurement of water temperature 8 – 10 º C.

Petroleum Absorption of 1litre of expanded vermiculite № fraction
0,5 1 2 4 8
Diesel 310 320 200 230 90
Diesel oil 290 350 350 400 250 120
Concentrate H2SO4 400 400 380 380
Oil technical 290 380 390 280 100
Fuel oil 270 580 420 250 1
Toluene 320 280 230 90
White spirit 480 450

Water filtration

When cleaning industrial and domestic waste water as a filter used adsorbent vermiculite, which is pumped through the contaminated water.

When loading of the adsorbent should take into account the guaranteed rate of exhaustion of the maximum sorption capacity of vermiculite Ksb – 0,7.

Sorption capacity of 1,6-3,5 g / g depending on the intensity of aeration of the solution.

Collection of oil from solid surfaces

To remove oil from hard surfaces should be used vermiculite with a grain size not less than 1,25 mm. This sorption capacity varies from 1,9-5,9 g / g.

Poured petroleum to be processed adsorbent vermiculite (vermiculite is dispersed a diffuse surface). Adsorbent absorbs oil for 10-15 minutes, after which you must remove it from the surface.

Reclamation of land

The contaminated land applied a mixture of adsorbent vermiculite (1 part) and peat (2 parts).

In this case, the adsorbent vermiculite absorbs hydrocarbons, creates an environment for the development of oil-oxidizing soil bacteria present in natural biogiotsenoze the region.

The adsorbent vermiculite is air-induces, store water and pH correction additive to the soil substrate.

Adsorption of organic substances

Application of adsorbent vermiculite can:

Reduce the BOD 2-3 mg / liter. (initial value of 20-25 mg / l)

Reduce phosphates 10-15 times, until 0,3-0,2 mg / l (reference value 3-5 mg / l)

Reduce ammonia nitrogen to 1-3 mg / l (reference value 10-15 mg / l)

Reduce nitrates to 3-4 mg / l (reference value 10-15 mg / l)

To reduce nitrite to 0,0001-0,0002 mg / l (reference value 3-5 mg / l)

The necessary contact time for removal At high concentrations (flooding): Determined by the treatment of difficult to recoverable components and is 5-6 minutes.

At low concentrations (30-50 mg / l)

In flow-through filters meet the requirements, where the linear velocity of filtration for adsorbents with a dense layer of downloads is limited to the size of 12 m / h, ie works better than activated carbon. Accordingly, the rate of contact is determined by the thickness of the load and the selected linear velocity filtering (not exceeding 12 m / h).

Regeneration of the sorbent

The used sorbent is not economically advisable to regenerate, because vermiculite cost significantly less than the cost of its regeneration, and the difference of costs not offset by the value of lessons during cleaning of oil. As a result, vermiculite is being recycled.

Recycling adsorbent vermiculite after collecting oil:


The collected oil can be mixed with coal for Thermal power, but more promising and cost-effective method is an incinerator with pseudo liquid layer. Incinerators utilities can take waste with calorific value between 714 and 1190 kJ / kg, and incinerators for incineration of industrial waste can take all kinds of waste. After firing at a temperature of 250-300 °C possible reuse of the adsorbent

2.Plowed into the soil

For site selection should take into account the presence in this place the water intake and permeability of the soil. Burial must bank and provide drainage channels. Maximum number of petroleum products, distributed on the surface during burial, less than 10 kg/m ³. Plowing is made of 1 times per month to 1 times per season after 2 years. For successful processing of petroleum oil-oxidizing bacteria of the soil pH must be at least 6.5. This technology is used for the disposal of sludge oil refineries for many years.

3.Municipal landfills

Adsorbent vermiculite immobilized bacteria, petroleum refining, in activated sludge. After some time spent sorbent oil remains. When the experiment was taken adsorbent vermiculite saturated with oil up to 80%, and placed on the city dump with a layer of 30 cm. After 2 weeks in the spring-autumn period, petroleum products have been fully processed oil-oxidizing bacteria.

Disposal of sorbents containing organic matter, phosphates, nitrates, nitrites, ammonia nitrogen, is similar.